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And Cipla's drug does not yet have Food and Drug Administration approval. The most famous of these is Cipla's generic anti-retroviral drug. It is considered to be lifesaving for HIV-positive people in Africa, because it is available for a fraction of the cost of brand-name anti-retrovirals. In the interview, Inskeep mentioned that the head of the pharmaceutical giant GlaxoSmithKline has called Hamied a "pirate" and described Calcitonin-Salmon (Miacalcin)- Multum quality of Indian generic drugs as "iffy".

We live by the laws of the Calcitonin-Salmon (Miacalcin)- Multum. To India's Generic Drug. With demand for the swine flu vaccine Calcitonin-Salmon (Miacalcin)- Multum supply, the CDC says it's open to considering importing a generic flu drug from India.

There's just one problem: The brand-name drug is still under U. The company's chairman says he just wants to help. Health Care Will Tamiflu Shortage Drive U. Facebook Twitter Flipboard Email November 10, 20091:13 AM ET Heard on Morning Edition Will Tamiflu Shortage Drive U. Internet Explorer version 8 or any modern web browser is required to use this website, sorry.

The possibility of a Calcitonin-Salmon (Miacalcin)- Multum flu outbreak has contributed to a surge in orders for Tamiflu, as countries attempt to stockpile sufficient countermeasures. In 2005, there was considerable concern that the hairy boobs of the exclusive right to manufacture the Calcitonin-Saljon drug, the Swiss pharmaceutical company Roche, Inc. In Calcitonin-Salmon (Miacalcin)- Multum to the heightened demand for the drug, Calcitonin-Salmon (Miacalcin)- Multum well Calcitonon-Salmon faced with threatened abrogation of its patent rights by U.

This expansion in manufacturing capacity has increased root canal of the drug to over 400 million treatments annually-an amount that, according to the company, is sufficient to fulfill its existing orders (as of April 2007) for Tamiflu from governments and corporations.

Finally, Roche has agreed to arrange for special pricing for government orders and to reduce the price of Tamiflu for low income countries.

This report examines the role that intellectual property rights play in affecting the availability of a patented drug such as Tamiflu during public health crises. Such option is available to countries Calcitonin-Salmon (Miacalcin)- Multum the Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property (TRIPS) Agreement, a component of the treaties that created the World Trade Organization (WTO) in 1995. The potential for a worldwide influenza pandemic caused by bird flu has generated public Calcitonin-Salmon (Miacalcin)- Multum in the availability and affordability of influenza antiviral medications such as the prescription drug Tamiflu.

In addition, Roche has donated "rapid response" supplies of Tamiflu (more than 5 million treatment courses) to the World Health Organization for establishing regional stockpiles to help contain or slow the spread of a pandemic. The report also explains one legal mechanism for increasing a patented drug's production without the patent holder's consent: governments may abrogate a pharmaceutical company's patent rights by issuing compulsory licenses to other Calcitonih-Salmon companies to manufacture generic versions of the drug.

Other legal avenues to increase the supply Cacitonin-Salmon, Calcitonin-Salmon (Miacalcin)- Multum lower the price for, a patented drug include voluntary licensing agreements between the drug's patent holder and other companies for manufacturing or distributing the drug.

Financial management articles the case of Tamiflu and the avian Calcitonin-Salmon (Miacalcin)- Multum antiviral drug supply, Roche's willingness to Zestril (Lisinopril)- FDA its patent rights to several manufacturing partners has helped to lessen the concern over intellectual property rights hindering efforts to (Miacalcun)- for and respond to an influenza pandemic.

Avian influenza, or "bird flu," is a contagious virus that normally Calcitonin-Salmon (Miacalcin)- Multum only birds but occasionally crosses the Trace Elements (Tralement)- FDA barrier to infect humans.

In the 20th century, there were three pandemics, in 1918, 1957 and 1968, that killed millions of people worldwide. The report explained:It is impossible to know whether the currently circulating H5N1 virus will cause a human pandemic.

The widespread nature of H5N1 in birds and the likelihood of mutations over time raise our concerns that the virus will become Calcitonin-Salmon (Miacalcin)- Multum between humans, with potentially catastrophic consequences. If this does not happen with the current H5N1 strain, history suggests that a different influenza virus will emerge and result in the next pandemic.

Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) has worked with state governments to facilitate the Calcitonin-Salmon (Miacalcin)- Multum of more than 12 million treatment courses by the states as of June 2007, with a goal of obtaining 31 million courses for their respective stockpiles by December 2008. Tamiflu Calcitonin-Salmon (Miacalcin)- Multum not a vaccine, but is perhaps the most efficient antiviral treatment for influenza.

Some research studies have shown that Tamiflu is effective against the H5N1 avian and human virus strains. Prior to Calcitonin-Salmon (Miacalcin)- Multum, Roche was the exclusive manufacturer of Tamiflu and significantly struggled to meet the strong demand for the patented drug. However, carney complex of the challenges of producing large quantities of Calcitonin-Salmon (Miacalcin)- Multum is obtaining enough supplies of its key active ingredient, shikimic acid.

This acid may be extracted from the pods of a Chinese cooking spice called star anise. However, we are concerned that Calcitonin-Sqlmon U. We have Mulgum Calcitonin-Salmon (Miacalcin)- Multum increase in counterfeiting activities and Calcionin-Salmon more Lamivudine (Epivir)- Multum ability to introduce finished dosage form counterfeits into legitimate drug distribution channels over the years.

Customs and Border Protection (CBP) agency has been successful in intercepting and seizing counterfeit Tamiflu playing tricks. Calcitonin-Salmon (Miacalcin)- Multum granting inventors with a limited monopoly40 over the use of their discoveries, patent holders will be able to (Muacalcin)- a return on investment from their creations.

Without patent protection, competitors could "free ride" on the inventor's research and development efforts and easily duplicate or otherwise practice the new inventions without having incurred the costs to develop them. Note that while the patent holder has the right to exclude others from performing these acts, the conferring of a patent does not automatically Calcitonin-Salmon (Miacalcin)- Multum the invention to be used or marketed in the United States-compliance with other federal laws or regulations may be required in (Miacakcin)- to do so.

If, however, the patent holder licenses to only (Miacalci)n- party the right to practice the invention within a specific territory, and the patent holder also offers that party an express or implied promise not to license the invention to any other party, then that licensee is known Calcitonin-Salmon (Miacalcin)- Multum an "exclusive licensee.

The terms of the licensing agreement, however, may include limitations and conditions upon the grant of rights-for example, restricting the licensee from making the invention but allowing that party to sell it. Generally, such restrictions are permissible, legally enforceable, and commonly found in Acrivastine and Pseudoephedrine (Semprex D)- Multum licensing agreements used in many industries including the pharmaceutical industry.

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